Complex symptoms may present in a wide array of clinical manifestations some being mild while others causing total disability. They are most commonly caused by head injuries, toxins, infections, inflammation, trauma, systemic conditions, such as diabetes, hypoglycemia, hypo or hyper thyroidism, dehydration, electrolyte disorders, hormonal imbalances, and the adverse side effects of multiple medications. Not infrequently, these clinical manifestations can also be caused by a more complex and serious neurological disorders such as stroke, epilepsy, congenital brain abnormalities, aneurysms, vascular malformations, multiple sclerosis, parkinson’s disease, dementias and others.
Vestibular dysfunction is most commonly caused by head injury, aging, and viral infection. Other illnesses, as well as genetic and environmental factors, may also cause or contribute to vestibular disorders. Causes of dizziness related to vestibular system dysfunction are listed below.
Dizziness can be linked to a wide array of problems and is commonly linked to blood-flow irregularities from cardiovascular problems. Non-vestibular causes of dizziness are listed below.
Maintaining balance and equilibrium can be very difficult when more than one health problem exists. A mild vestibular disorder can be much more problematic when accompanied by a visual deficit. The ability to compensate for a vestibular disorder is compounded when there is also a deficit with proprioception due to disease or an injury and severe dizziness can result. Careful evaluation, including a complete medical history noting all potential causes of dizziness, is essential to correct diagnosis and treatment.
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